A Brief Introduction to Cameroon

This article will briefly discuss the natural resources, cultural diversity, political system, and natural attractions of Cameroon. For more information, visit our pages on Natural attractions and Culture. You can also read about its history and language. To make the most of your Cameroon travel, be sure to read these articles! You’ll be surprised at how interesting Cameroon can be! There is so much to see and do in this beautiful African country, you’ll be surprised by all that it has to offer.

Natural resources

The Cameroonian national territory has immense resources. The southern rain forest holds large reserves of timber. Rapid waterfalls obstruct the southern rivers, which provide opportunities for hydroelectric development. The Wouri River estuary serves as a port for Douala. The Benoue River is seasonally navigable from Garoua to Nigeria. Petroleum and natural gas are found offshore, while large deposits of bauxite and limestone are found in the northern region. The Cameroonian population is well educated, making it an excellent location for a large scale agricultural industry.

Aside from petroleum, Cameroon’s natural resources are an engine for development. An optimal use of these resources can create jobs and reduce poverty and contribute to a stable trade balance and increased competitiveness in globalization. It can also generate high-value, labor-intensive industries and an infrastructure boom. The government must maximize its use of natural resources to benefit Cameroon’s population and economy. The government’s role is critical, but it must be transparent, accountable, and fair to its citizens.

Political system

The political system in Cameroon is relatively simple. There are a number of political parties, which compete for seats in parliament. In 1953, the Eastern House of Assembly was dissolved and multi-party politics was born. The first multi-party parliament began in Southern Cameroon, which was granted quasi-regional status. The legislature was divided into regions, and political parties switched positions. When reunification took place in 1960, the Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement became the dominant party and the Cabinet was created.

After independence, Ahmadou Ahidjo, the then president, initiated this plan with a hidden agenda of establishing a one-party system. This system was the basis of ‘ruling democracy’ that Paul Biya followed from 1983. Before Cameroon gained independence, the country was under colonial rule. It had British and French colonial masters. Before independence, Cameroon was a multiparty system.


The official language of Cameroon is French, but some areas have indigenous languages as well. The Anglic language, Fulfulde, is spoken mostly by the Northerners, while the French-speaking regions speak Haussa and Fulani. Pidgin English is also widely used, although it has a complicated history. The term ‘bilingual’ was created by the Cameroon administration to unify former colonial territories. Bilingualism is a difficult concept to apply and the divisions and regroupings of Cameroon remain.

The Bantoide language has also spread throughout the country. In the early 20th century, Sultan Ibrahim Njoya developed an alphabet based on the first four signs, the A-ka-u-ku alphabet, which consists of 73 signs. The Bamum language script was developed in part to facilitate the transmission of historical facts. Sultan Ibrahim Njoya recognised that oral transmission was becoming corrupted and therefore decided to make a written version of it. Afade is an Afro-Asian language spoken in north-western Nigeria.

Natural attractions

Central Africa’s country of Cameroon boasts a wide range of wildlife and diverse terrain. Its seaport and inland capital, Yaoundé, are transit points for ecotourism sites. Travelers can also explore Limbe, home to rescued primates. If you’re looking for an adventure, Cameroon’s natural attractions are sure to satisfy. In addition to waterfalls, this Central African nation is also home to lush forests and a diverse array of animals.

The country has plenty of wildlife to see, including the Mount Cameroon, the country’s tallest mountain and the highest mountain in West and Central Africa. There are also beaches and the Korup national park, which is home to rare animals and plants. While the city is an urban center, Cameroon is still very rural, with most villages centered in small towns. It is still possible to get off the beaten path, but make sure to check the safety precautions before embarking on any outdoor activities.


Armed conflict and a high level of crime have exacerbated the problems of criminality in Cameroon. While the country has signed numerous international treaties on fighting organized crime, its implementation has remained a challenge. The country’s courts lack the capacity and resources to prosecute organized crime, which has led to a perception of impunity among government officials suspected of involvement. As a result, prison conditions are far below international standards.

The Penal Code is a key part of Cameroon’s legal system. The Penal Code is the law of the land and is based on the principle of proportionality. While the Penal Code is the primary source of criminal law, there are some exceptions to this rule. In Cameroon, a simple (minor) offense can be punishable by up to ten days in prison and a fine of up to 25,000 FCFA. Article 26(2) of the Cameroonian Constitution grants power to the judicial branch, while excluding the executive.