An Overview of Solids

Solids are one of the four fundamental states of matter. They contain the least amount of kinetic energy and are tightly packed. Their properties include rigidity and resistance to forces applied to their surface. Read on to learn more. This article provides a brief overview of solids. Molecular solids and liquid crystals are just a few examples. Liquid crystals and glass ceramics are other types of solids. Here are some examples:

Molecular solids

Molecular solids are made up of discrete molecules bonded together by van der Waals forces, dipole-dipole interactions, or quadrupole interactions. Molecular solids have a unique chemical and physical properties, and they are often used in electronics, medicine, and biology. For further information, read about molecular solids. Below is an overview of molecular solids. Molecular solids are often useful as a model for studying how molecules are bonded together in a complex material.

Liquid crystals

What are liquid crystals? These materials are a mix of solids and liquids and possess properties between the two. Some liquid crystals flow like liquids while others have molecules arranged in a crystal-like manner. In any case, a liquid crystal can be both solid and transparent. Read on to learn more. Listed below are some characteristics of liquid crystals. Once you understand these characteristics, you can decide whether a liquid crystal is right for you.

Bose-Einstein condensate

Scientists have long known that the existence of Bose-Einstein condensates can help them learn about quantum physics. In fact, the discovery of this substance has already resulted in several breakthroughs in other areas of science. Bose condensates are extremely small, a mere 20 microns in diameter, and travel at about 186,000 miles per second. Because of this, it is very difficult to see them through the normal lens of an astronomical telescope.

Glass ceramics

The preparation of solid glass ceramics can be achieved by sintering or firing at the appropriate temperature and pressures. Glass-ceramics examples 1 to 19 were ground at a particle size of less than 125 pm and were subjected to various test procedures. Biaxial flexural strength and Vickers hardness were determined by various known methods. These specimens were then compacted and pressed into stainless steel moulds.

Ionic solids

Ionic solids are a type of chemical compound made up of ions. Electrostatic forces hold together the ions and create a neutral compound. These compounds typically contain positively charged cations and negatively charged anions. The majority of ions in a solid are positively charged, and the other ions have a negative charge. The positive charge on an ionic solid is referred to as its cation. In this article, we will discuss the differences between ionic solids and their applications.