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Colon Polyps and Serrated Polyposis Syndrome

 

Colon polyps can be difficult to diagnose, but you can decrease your risk of developing one by following some of these tips. Eat more vegetables and fruits and limit red meat and processed meats. If you are overweight, lose weight and limit your intake of fat-containing foods. Vitamin D and calcium supplements may lower your risk of developing colon polyps. Ask your doctor about genetic counseling and when to begin screening. Regular aspirin intake may also help you prevent colon cancer.

Serrated polyposis syndrome

If you are diagnosed with a colon polyp, you may be dealing with serrated-polyposis syndrome. This relatively uncommon condition involves multiple serrated polyps in the colon and has a high risk for colorectal cancer. A recent WHO clinical criteria was used to identify serrated polyposis syndrome. A thorough surveillance program is necessary for patients with this syndrome. In addition to routine colonoscopy screening, treatment and surveillance for serrated polyposis syndrome includes genetic counseling and frequent colonoscopy.
Hyperplastic polyp

A high-power view of a hyperplastic colon polyp shows epithelial misplacement with scattered hemosiderin deposits and submucosal crypts. The smooth muscle fibers of the muscularis mucosae surround the lobules of the epithelium. In a majority of cases, the submucosal component of the hyperplastic polyp was stained with E-cadherin. The submucosal component of each polyp had diffuse staining of E-cadherin. Similarly, the normal colonic mucosa was stained similarly to the polyps.

Sessile polyp

While a sessile colon polyp may not cause symptoms, it should be removed as soon as possible to prevent its growth. In most cases, this procedure involves injecting a liquid below the polyp to separate it from the surrounding tissues. A wire snare is then used to cut it out. Sessile colon polyps may be precancerous or early stages of cancer. They may cause bleeding on the colon walls or puncture the colon walls, depending on the size and location.
Sessile adenomatous polyp

A sessile adenomatous colon polym is a benign growth that appears in the mucosal layer of a hollow organ. These polyps can either be neoplastic or benign. Polyps can develop in a variety of parts of the body, but are most common in the colon. Regular checkups can help ensure a timely diagnosis and treatment.

Sessile adenomas

There are many different types of colon polyps. Some are benign, while others are cancerous. Most of them are removed through colonoscopy. Sessile adenomas are flat and grow on the wall of the colon. During colonoscopy, they may be discovered. A doctor will also check for pedunculated polyps. These polyps extend on stalks and may be cancerous or benign.
Benign polyps

Surgical removal of benign colon polyps may result in significant morbidity and mortality. A recent study found that the rate of death after surgery is as high as 1 in 100 patients. Furthermore, the cost of open surgical resection was quite high. Despite these concerns, the rates of surgical resection for benign colon polyps have been relatively stable in the United States. Therefore, surgical removal of benign colon polyps is still the treatment of choice for most patients.

Precancerous polyps

A recent study found that eating a lot of fruits and vegetables may help protect against precancerous colon polyps. The researchers, from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, studied 725 people who had undergone a colonoscopy, a procedure that involves the guidance of a thin, flexible tube containing a tiny camera through the colon. The tests are used to look for irregularities and polyps, some of which can turn cancerous.
Treatment

If you have a small polyp, you may consider treatment with a cold snare. These tools have been shown in large-volume studies to be effective and safe. This method of colon polyp removal reduces the time required for the procedure and poses few risks. However, this method has several disadvantages. It may not remove all polyps or may not aspirate them into a trap. This may not be an effective solution for polyps with a larger diameter.