Corporate Bankruptcy Procedure


A corporation can file for insolvency in two ways: through Chapter 11 bankruptcy or an Administrative receivership. There is also a third option, known as Fair distribution. This procedure is an alternative to Chapter 11 bankruptcy that has Chinese characteristics. This procedure has many advantages. This article provides an overview of this alternative. The article also includes information on Fair distribution. This method is a good choice for smaller businesses, especially those with small inventories. However, if you want to file for bankruptcy, you need to know how to proceed.

Chapter 11 bankruptcy

A chapter 11 corporate bankruptcy procedure involves a debtor in possession taking over the business’ operations. This person performs all of the duties of a trustee under a chapter 11 plan, such as accounting for assets, examining claims, and hiring professionals. The trustee also supervises the debtor’s compliance with court reporting requirements. After the debtor has been placed in possession, the trustee must work with the company to recover all of its assets, reduce its debt, and turn around its operations.

One of the most common benefits of a chapter 11 is that it can allow the company to continue running while working on a reorganization plan. While chapter 11 doesn’t offer a permanent solution to all of the company’s financial problems, it does offer many benefits. It can be an effective way to restructure debt and force creditors to accept repayment plans while preserving the “going concern” value of the business’s assets. However, it is important to note that a chapter 11 will not work for every company.
Administrative receivership

An administrative receiver is a person appointed to manage the affairs of a company in financial distress. They hold all the powers conferred by security, as well as certain powers under the Insolvency Act 1986. However, the appointment of an administrative receiver does not remove the directors from office, terminate service contracts, or relieve the directors of fiduciary duties. As the company’s agent, an administrative receiver can establish subsidiary companies and transfer the business’s viable portions.

In an administrative receivership, an insolvency practitioner appointed by a bank with a floating charge on the company has full power to sell the company’s assets to repay its debts. Although administrators are appointed to look after the creditors, they owe a limited duty of care to the secured creditors and will only sell assets with the consent of all others. Consequently, they are often appointed in the event of an insolvency.

Stalking horse

As the stalking horse, you will have the best chance of negotiating and selling the insolvent debtor’s business. Not only will this give you more time to analyze the company, but you will also have more time to build connections with key stakeholders. This strategy is especially effective during the initial stages of a corporate bankruptcy procedure. However, if you do not know how to play this game, you may end up getting burned by the end.

As the stalking horse, you should insist on having your break-up fee approved as an administrative expense before the auction. Otherwise, you risk being treated as an unsecured claim. Lastly, you should insist on securing credit for the break-up fee and the cash required at closing. While it is possible that you are outbid by another company, you can prevent this outcome by insisting on the proper terms and conditions.

Limitation of moratorium in Chapter 11 bankruptcy

During a Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceeding, a debtor is given several months of “moratorium” on paying his or her debts. This moratorium does not apply to assets the debtor is in possession of. If a debtor wants to sell an asset, he or she must show that the sale is in the best interest of the debtor. Otherwise, creditors can assert a claim against the sale proceeds or excluded assets.

In Chapter 11 cases, debtors are generally granted a six to twelve-month moratorium on the payment of their general unsecured debts. Other creditors, however, may be paid during this time, such as those who need the debtor’s business resources. During this time, the debtor may continue to do business and receive priority over administrative claims in subsequent Chapter 11 Cases. Thus, the debtor must carefully plan his or her financial strategy before filing for Chapter 11.