Gonorrhea Symptoms and Treatments

Getting a gonorrhea infection is not something to be embarrassed about. There are several ways to deal with the infection. For women, a test-of-cure is not required, but men may be prescribed an expedited partner therapy in a bid to prevent the infection. And, of course, the symptoms are very unpleasant to deal with. Here are some of them. Read on to find out more about gonorrhea symptoms and treatment options.

Test-of-cure is not needed for genital or rectal infections

If a gonorrhea patient’s symptoms are nonspecific, a test-of-cure is not necessary. In general, a test-of-cure is not needed for genital or rectal infections. However, if symptoms occur in the throat or rectal area, a test-of-cure may be required.

The CDC recommends ceftriaxone monotherapy for gonorrhea, a bacterial STD. However, there are concerns about the emergence of antimicrobial resistance to the drug. In recent years, a worrying trend in gonorrhea treatment has been identified: a decrease in susceptibility to oral cephalosporins.

In general, a person with gonorrhea should abstain from sexual activity until the infection is treated by a healthcare professional. Some states provide free gonorrhea testing and treatment. However, this method is not recommended for genital or rectal infections due to the fact that gonorrhea bacteria are resistant to azithromycin. It is also important to wait at least a week after antibiotic treatment to avoid re-infection.

Expedited partner therapy

Expedited partner therapy (EPT) is a clinical practice that treats the sex partners of people with gonorrhea and chlamydia. EPT is a clinically proven method of treating sexually transmitted infections, and the number of partners treated after one year is usually significantly higher than after two years. Although accelerated partner therapy has been used for decades, only recent studies have proven its effectiveness.

The first step in effective partner therapy for chlamydial infections involves clinical evaluation of the index patient and a referral to a health care provider. While referral to a health care provider is considered the best strategy for partner treatment, it is not possible for most patients to refer their partner to a clinic for treatment. In such cases, the patient may refer the partner directly. However, if the patient is unable to refer her partner on her own, she should notify her health care provider, who will then refer the partner for treatment.

Symptoms of gonorrhea

Although most men will have gonorrhea symptoms after the infection, some women may not experience them at all, and may not even know that they have it until they have been infected. Some men will have symptoms after two or seven days of infection, while others will not show symptoms for months after the initial exposure. Male gonorrhea symptoms include a yellow discharge from the penis, pain or burning during urination, and swollen, painful testicles. Other symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge and a sore throat. A throat sample may also be used to test for bacteria that cause gonorrhea.

Symptoms of gonorrheal disease usually begin two to three weeks after infection, but can go unnoticed for months. About one-half of infected men and women do not experience any symptoms at all, meaning the infection can go undiagnosed for a long time. Women and men can also develop an infection in the urethra and throat, causing redness and pain.

Treatment options

Treatment options for gonorrhea have varied greatly over the years. As the disease has become more difficult to treat, new drug development has sparked a renewed interest in the problem. New drug development has increased antibiotics’ availability, and the CDC is partnering with pharmaceutical companies and researchers to find promising drugs. To prevent gonorrhea from becoming untreatable in the United States, greater public and private commitment is needed to develop vaccines and other tools that can be used to prevent a spread of the disease.

Antibiotics are the first line of treatment for gonorrhea. Antibiotics are usually given by injection. Tablets can be given in the place of an injection. Symptoms generally resolve within a few days, though heavy periods can take up to two weeks to end. Depending on the severity of the infection, a follow-up appointment is recommended after the first course of antibiotics.