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How an Offensive Tank Works

A modern offensive tank is a formidable weapon capable of destroying an enemy infantry formation. But what is it that makes them so effective? We will explore the concept of concealment, hard-kill measures, and armour technology. To understand how an offensive tank works, we will consider some key factors. But before we move ahead, let’s briefly review the development of offensive tanks. This article also explores the concept of armour technology, tactical mobility, and hard-kill measures.

Armour technology

Offfensive tanks are designed with a specific purpose: to carry their main gun into battle. The armor protects the crew from small arms fire and shrapnel, but the tank’s primary function is to serve its main gun. The tank’s crew comprises a driver, loader, and gunner. The driver gets the vehicle to a firing position, while the commander chooses targets and orders the crew. The gunner, meanwhile, makes sure the round hits the target at its most vulnerable.

As the blitzkrieg strategy gained momentum, Germany was able to combine their tank capabilities with the use of airplanes, which had a much higher mobility range than the tanks. This provided an elegant solution to avoiding a two-front war. The mechanization of the tanks made this possible. Despite these advantages, the French and U.S. armies continued to view the tank as an infantry support weapon. The British Army alienated the tank by demanding ascendancy.

Tactical mobility

Offensive tanks have very high logistical requirements, as they require a high amount of fuel and ammunition, maintenance, and replacement parts, not to mention an extensive support system. The lack of mobility limits the tactical effectiveness of offensive tanks. In order to ensure that tank units can meet these requirements, special modifications have been made for them. If the supply chain is disrupted, the units cannot fight effectively and will fail to accomplish their mission. For this reason, tank offensives have sometimes failed.

Tactical mobility is a key factor in the effectiveness of tank units. Tanks’ speed, range, and ability to cross different types of terrain are critical to their effectiveness. In addition, tank units must remain mobile in order to avoid ambushes, which can stall them. Because of this, they must stop frequently for maintenance and verifications. They must also halt to allow infantry and air units to scout ahead for enemy antitank groups.

Hard-kill measures

Active protection systems, also known as hard-kill protection systems, are a type of armor system that provides additional protection against anti-tank missiles. Developed in the mid-1960s by the Soviet Union, the Drozd active protection system was first adopted on the T-55AD tank, which was introduced in 1983. The system was subsequently followed by the Drozd-2 and the Arena. Despite its effectiveness, both of these systems have their limitations.

The Arena active protection system, for example, is a Russian hard-kill system. It combines an array of sensors and small explosives, including a radar for incoming projectiles. The Arena can successfully counter a broad range of antitank weapons and protect the entire turret and the infantry outside. It can also effectively defeat the Carl Gustaf anti-tank missile and the TOW, excluding the TOW 2B Aero, when used properly.