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# How to Calculate the Retention Ratio

The Retention Ratio (also called the Retention Rate) is the percentage of earnings that are not paid out to shareholders as dividends. In other words, it is the opposite of the dividend payout ratio. Hence, a high retention ratio can be a sign that a company is worthwhile for investment purposes. In this article, we will discuss how to calculate the Retention Ratio and its limitations. We’ll also discuss the significance of a high Retention Ratio for a company.

## Calculate retention ratio

A simple way to calculate the retention ratio is to divide net income by retained earnings. This formula includes the amount of retained earnings for a company, along with the number of shares outstanding. Generally, these variables are available on a company’s earnings report. For example, let’s say that a company made \$1 million in net income in 2019, and the company decided to reinvest that money back into the business. That would result in a retention ratio of 60 percent.

The retention ratio indicates the amount of money retained by a firm after paying out all its dividends. In this case, it would be higher than for a company with lower revenue, as the company would need more cash to expand. Similarly, a company that is pursuing acquisitions would have a high retention ratio. On the other hand, a firm with too much debt would retain cash to pay down debt, or to improve its financial risk profile. Depending on the stage of development of the firm, high retention ratios may mean that a firm is stable or growing, and will pay out a higher dividend to its shareholders.

## Limitations of retention ratio

Retention ratio is a useful measurement of how much money companies are keeping in their business. However, it only tells us how much money is actually retained, and does not show how the money is spent or invested. It is also difficult to interpret. Here are some limitations of the retention ratio. Firstly, it only compares companies with the same scale. Emerging companies often have lower retention ratios than established companies, since they do not have the same cash flow. Also, the retention ratio only works when companies are in the same industry or at similar stages of growth.

The definition of retention is different for each company. The methodology and product will vary widely. A manufacturing startup will typically retain a large portion of its profits. Similarly, a service firm may have a lower retention ratio because it is able to pay higher dividends. Some companies want to retain their earnings for long-term investment purposes. To calculate retention, you’ll need to know how much of each of these variables is retained in the company.

## Significance of high retention ratio for investing in a company

If you are young and still not sure about investing in a company, you may want to consider companies with a high retention rate. These companies retain a higher amount of funds and use them for marketing purposes. High retention ratio companies may also be pursuing acquisitions. On the other hand, companies with low retention ratios retain cash to pay off debt and improve their overall financial risk profile. Retention ratios vary from company to company, and they are influenced by qualitative as well as quantitative decisions.

Companies with high retention ratios are usually those with a growth-oriented business model. Companies with high retention ratios are more likely to pay dividends than companies with low retention rates. These companies may have a large retention ratio but be a mature company, or be reliant on acquisitions to grow their business. Companies with high retention ratios are often in the energy sector, such as General Electric. They may also be high-tech, manufacturing electronic devices and spending more money on charity.