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Human rights lawyer receives death threats from alleged armed separatists
A Cameroonian human rights lawyer has received numerous death threats since documenting the abuses of business owners, armed separatists, and civilians. She says that she has repeatedly received images and messages showing the bodies of civilians, as well as being marked for execution. Amnesty International has documented the cases of abuses against human rights defenders, and has documented numerous cases of abuse by armed separatists.
Adeline’s case has drawn international attention to Cameroonian violence. She was a human rights defender working for the Cameroonian NGO, Conscience Africaine. On 18 May 2020, she attended a press conference and published her findings on the Ngarbuh massacre. Later, she received death threats. She claims that she had been targeted because she is an English-speaking human rights lawyer.
Separatists storm Bamenda university
In the past, Bamenda in Cameroon was a quiet city, but tensions between government forces and separatists have increased over the past year. Displaced citizens have sought refuge in other, French-speaking cities. In the past year, tensions have increased after protests over the use of French in schools turned violent. The situation is now escalating with a curfew in place.
The armed rebels have been trying to carve out an independent state in western Cameroon. Calling themselves Ambazaonia, they have demanded that the government withdraw from the region. Separatists have abducted at least 80 people, including teachers and students. At least two boys and a dormitory warden remain captive. The government has condemned the abductions.
Oil revenue control in Cameroon
The oil sector in Cameroon continues to decline despite a recent boost in oil prices. Despite this, government revenues from the oil sector remain stable at US $1.2 billion, partly because of new transit fees on the Chad-Cameroon pipeline. In March 2013, Cameroon published its first EITI report, which was required by the country’s membership in the global initiative. The report revealed that Cameroon’s oil revenues have been declining by 12 percent a year since 2008, while oil products made up over half of its exports. Cameroon also received 66% of the oil produced and sold to the oil companies. This represents the largest portion of the government’s revenues from the extractive industries.
The College of Control and Supervision of Petroleum Resources, a body with governing authority over the petroleum industry in the country, is made up of representatives of the Government, the Parliament, the Supreme Court, and civil society. The goal of the body is to maximize the revenues generated by the oil industry. In addition to overseeing the oil industry, the body also works closely with the government and civil society in developing the country’s economy.
Anglophone crisis in Cameroon
The Anglophone crisis in Cameroon elicits a number of policy responses in a country with a historically high concentration of Anglophones. The crisis has led to increasing levels of killing, human rights abuses, military battles, and contestations of multiple policy measures aimed at containing it. In this article, I examine this crisis from a policy expertise perspective, departing from critical policy studies.
This study focused on the role of international organizations and political authorities in the Anglophone crisis. Its sample consisted of four foreign diplomats from the United States, the United Nations, and the European Union, as well as one archbishop from a French-speaking community. The sample also included an independent journalist and lawyer, two leaders of opposition parties, and two members of the government. These representatives were key stakeholders in the crisis management process.
Recent protests in Cameroon
A general strike and demonstrations by Cameroon workers will begin today. The demonstrations demand an increase in the minimum wage, which is $60 a month in the private sector. Human Rights Watch has documented the use of torture at the SED prison. Currently, 116 people face trial for participating in recent protests and activism. Until then, eight people have been convicted by civilian courts and are serving two-year prison sentences.
Human Rights Watch has reviewed two videos of soldiers shooting at demonstrators, and four photographs of cartridge casings recovered by one of the protesters. Moreover, it has documented cases of security forces entering hospitals and medical facilities. It also condemned the indiscriminate use of live ammunition by security forces. Human Rights Watch is calling on the Cameroonian government to ensure that the perpetrators of these abuses are held accountable.