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Reflux Esophagitis – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

 

If you’re suffering from acid reflux esophagitis, you may be wondering what the best treatment options are. Thankfully, there are several options. Listed below are the causes, symptoms, and treatments of this condition. Read on for helpful information. Also, learn how to prevent the problem from happening in the first place! Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Symptoms

The American College of Gastroenterology defines GERD as the presence of chronic acid-reflux symptoms and damage to the mucosal lining of the esophagus. As a chronic condition, GERD accounts for a high proportion of primary care cases and is caused by a combination of factors. Although it affects as many as 6% of the general population, the prevalence of the disorder is higher in Western countries. In Asian countries, the prevalence of GERD is as high as 5%. Symptoms of reflux esophagitis may be mild or severe depending on the patient’s condition and severity of the disease.

Chest and throat pain are common symptoms of reflux esophagitis. The pain is often chronic or intermittent and can interfere with one’s ability to sleep. To diagnose the condition, a doctor will examine the patient’s esophagus with a video camera called an endoscope (video scope). This endoscope is attached to a thin plastic cord and can reach the esophagus, duodenum, and stomach. The procedure is known as esophagogastroduodenoscopy.

Causes

While the exact cause of reflux esophagitis is not entirely known, there are a number of different factors that may lead to it. The state of your gastrointestinal tract can impact your general well-being, so it is important to understand what causes it. Some of the causes of esophagitis are listed below. Some of these factors may be interrelated, so it is best to speak with a physician to learn more about each one.

Reflux esophagitis is most common in people who have gastroesophageal reflux disease, which is a condition in which food flows back up the esophagus. It is an unpleasant and potentially dangerous condition that causes chronic inflammation and irritation in the esophagus. It can also be caused by infections from bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Those with compromised immune systems are at a higher risk of getting this condition.

Treatments

Reflux esophagitis, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease, is a condition that affects the lower esophagus. It is often accompanied by abdominal discomfort and pain. This condition can be caused by reflux of stomach acid, infection, certain oral medications, or allergies. Ultimately, it can lead to scarring of the esophagus and difficulty swallowing.

The American College of Gastroenterology estimates that around 60 million people in the United States experience the symptoms of heartburn at least once a month. Other studies have indicated that up to 15 million Americans have heartburn symptoms every day. Although GERD is thought to be a contributing factor in many people, if left untreated, it can lead to laryngitis. People who have reflux severe enough to cause laryngitis experience chronic hoarseness, coughing, and a foreign-body sensation in the throat. Reflux laryngitis is rare, but can be treated with dietary changes and medications.

The most common type of GERD treatment is acid-suppressing medication, or PPI. This drug increases the pH of the esophagus and the stomach. In addition to preventing the esophageal damage, PPIs also have an important role in reducing the cost of GERD. These drugs have become the standard of care for GERD and are the preferred agents for maintenance therapy after the esophagitis has healed.
Prevention

Symptoms of heartburn are triggered by a wide range of foods, so prevention is important. Listed below are some of the most common aggravaters. Avoid smoking, fatty foods, citrus fruits, onions, peppermint, and alcohol. Avoid laying down right after eating. Avoid foods that cause heartburn by following these guidelines. GERD can also be prevented by limiting consumption of certain foods.

Reflux is also caused by the contraction of the lower esophageal sphincter, a circular muscle at the top of the esophagus. The LES contracts and relaxes to allow food and liquids into the stomach, and when it relaxes too far, food can back up into the esophagus, causing symptoms. For example, people with reflux should avoid eating large meals. Instead, they should aim to eat frequent, smaller meals.

Lifestyle changes and medications are often effective in controlling GERD symptoms. Surgery is not necessary to treat reflux esophagitis, and many gastroenterologists now avoid this procedure. Newer medications are effective at controlling GERD symptoms. These medications are available over-the-counter and prescription. They help control GERD symptoms, while some patients require more intense treatment. In severe cases, a medical procedure may be recommended.