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Stomach Cancer – Diagnosis, Treatment, and Palliative Care

 

If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with stomach cancer, you may be wondering what treatment options are available. This article will address the Diagnosis of stomach cancer, Treatment options for early-stage cancer, and palliative care. To learn more, subscribe to our newsletter. We’ll also send you a free guide on how to cope with cancer and get a second opinion. Sign up today! And don’t forget to download our free guide to coping with cancer and a second opinion!
Treatment options

Treatment options for stomach cancer depend on the stage and extent of the disease, the patient’s overall health, and preferences. Early-stage stomach cancer tumors may be removed through gastroscopy. Depending on the stage, surgeons may also remove lymph nodes to find the cancer. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy. Some patients may decide to undergo chemotherapy alone, or combine it with other forms of treatment.

Chemotherapy kills cancer cells through the use of chemicals. It can be delivered intravenously or as pills. Because chemotherapy drugs are absorbed into the bloodstream, they attack the cancer cells throughout the body. It is generally administered in an outpatient setting. Chemotherapy can relieve stomach cancer symptoms such as eating and bleeding, and it may be combined with surgery or radiation therapy. In some cases, chemotherapy may be combined with targeted therapy, which helps the patient’s immune system fight the cancer.

Diagnosis

In determining the stage of stomach cancer, a pathologist examines the cells to determine whether they express a protein known as HER2/neu. This protein is expressed in approximately 15 percent of stomach cancers, and its presence can indicate a favorable course of treatment. To confirm a stomach cancer diagnosis, doctors must remove 15 lymph nodes around the stomach. Removing these lymph nodes can improve the chances of correct staging and reducing the risk of recurrence.

Patients diagnosed with stomach cancer may experience symptoms of pain, bleeding, and dyspepsia, although these are usually relatively late signs of the disease. Symptoms of stomach cancer are often nonspecific, and physicians often mistake them for the onset of peptic ulcer. Early satiety may be a sign of the cancer’s presence, and the stomach may become insoluble, resulting in dyspepsia or loss of strength. If cancer spreads to other areas of the body, treatment will depend on the stage of the disease.

Treatment options for early-stage stomach cancer

There are various treatment options available for early-stage stomach cancer. Surgical removal of the entire stomach is one option. Surgery can also be combined with chemotherapy and radiation therapy to shrink the tumor. Some cancers can be removed by endoscopic mucosal resection. Other options include subtotal gastrectomy and partial gastrectomy. In these cases, the remaining part of the stomach is attached to the small intestine and esophagus.

Palliative treatments vary in their effectiveness and can include a combination of techniques. In addition to medication, they may also include nutrition changes, relaxation techniques, emotional and spiritual support, and other forms of therapy. Some patients may also undergo chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery to treat the cancer. Patients should discuss the side effects of these treatments with their doctors before making a final decision. The goal of treatment should be clearly explained to the patient, so that they are informed about all available options.

Palliative care

Treatment for stomach cancer may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy. It may also include supportive care for symptoms and side effects. It is an option for people whose cancer has spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes. The goal of palliative care for stomach cancer is to extend quality of life. Depending on the type of stomach cancer, it may involve all or part of a patient’s lifestyle.

Surgery is one option for stomach cancer treatment. Although not very common, stomach cancer can be removed with surgery. The surgeon can perform a partial or total gastrectomy. The latter involves removing a section of the stomach or the entire esophagus, and may also include lymph node removal. This treatment may also relieve symptoms by preventing the cancer from affecting the smaller intestine. Depending on the location of the tumor, surgery may be necessary to save the patient’s life.