For travelers to Algeria, the most important part of the country’s culture is its literature. Literature in Algeria has its roots in ancient Rome and Numidia. The literature of Algeria includes works by Roman writers, including the philosopher Augustine of Hippo. Modern Algerian literature combines French and Arabic styles, and many of its authors are well-known. In particular, famous Algerian writers like Moufdi Zakaria and Mohammed Al Aid have penned works about the country’s history and current political situation.
Algerians consider honour to be the responsibility of families. They believe that turning down a friend’s request for a favour would be an insult to their honour. For this reason, Algerians avoid insulting and putting others in uncomfortable positions, which could endanger their relationships. Furthermore, Algerians greet each other with long, elaborate affairs and greet one another with a bow. In the Algerian culture, the importance of honour is emphasized, and it is believed that it is the best way to build relationships.
The most common music genre in Algeria is rai, which is a blend of rai and folk. Shaabi, or traditional Arabic music, is popular among the older generation. The Algerian government has taken steps to recognize Berber languages, but it is unlikely to grant autonomy to the Kabylie region. Algeria’s Muslim population constitutes 90% of the population, but there are also ethnic groups in the country. Rai, the country’s unique musical genre, is characterized by its poppy folk tunes. Other popular music genres include Chaabi and Andalusi. The Algerian people have produced many great writers and poets.
Algerian culture is deeply influenced by Islam. Islam, along with a blended Berber and Arab heritage, is family-oriented. Islam and Algerian culture influence gender roles in the society. Algerian women typically work in agriculture, while men perform domestic work. Urban women can also find employment in teaching, nursing, and secretarial roles. In spite of the modernization of Algerian society, women are still expected to conform to traditional gender roles.
The cuisine of Algeria combines Arab, French, and Turkish influences. The staple of Algerian food is couscous, a steamed semolina-based pasta, served with a meat stew. Traditionally, Algerian food includes a mix of spices and flavors. Couscous is typically served with lamb, vegetables, and sauce. Typical dishes also include salads and roasted nuts. The cuisine of Algerians is rich with vegetables and lamb.
The Muslim conquest in the early 1500s led to the conversion of most locals to Islam. The Spanish ruled Algeria after the Arabs, but it was not until the 1500s that the Spanish took control of the country. A notable remnant of the Spanish occupation is Fort Santa Cruz in Oran. As the French gradually consolidated their rule in the country, the Turks reclaimed the land and made Algeria part of the Ottoman Empire. Today, you can still see remnants of this period in the Old City of Algiers.
Visitors to Algeria can learn about its history and culture by visiting the national museum of prehistory and ethnography in Algiers. This museum, founded in the nineteenth century by a French Tunisian, is home to an important collection of artifacts. Among its exhibits are the remains of the Amazigh queen Tin Hinan, which is considered their spiritual mother by Tuareg. There is an Algerian Heritage Project that promotes tourism in Algeria.
While Algeria is mainly Islamic, its culture is also heavily influenced by French culture. Although it is a Muslim country, the Algerian people are extremely welcoming and kind. Women in Algeria are expected to cover their bodies and heads. In rural areas, women are required to wear a burka. Traditional clothing and Berber rugs are also important parts of Algeria’s culture. In addition to the traditional clothing, the country also has a national library, which was founded in the city of Alger in 1835.
Music is also a large part of Algerian culture. The most popular genre is rai, a form of Arabic music that blends varied instruments with simple and poetic lyrics. Women and men alike express themselves in this style, with varying instrumentation and lyrics. Some of the country’s most popular rai singers, including Khaled, have even been exported to Europe and the United States. Meanwhile, rai is also blended with classical Algerian music to form Wahrani.