The Difference Between Theories of Personality

The various theories of personality are divided into three main groups: Humanistic and Biological. Some also include Projective tests. In this article we will discuss the difference between these three types of personality test. Each one of these categories offers a valid explanation of how people differ from one another. You should know what they all have to offer. Here are some examples. And if you’re still not convinced, keep reading. We’ll explore the most common theories.

Biological theories

Biological theories of personality are based on the belief that genes influence human behavior. These theories can be divided into three categories: extroversion, neuroticism, and stability. The PEN model suggests that each trait corresponds with a particular biological response. Those who are high on neuroticism are more likely to be anxious and prone to flight-or-fight reactions. Conversely, those who are high on stability need less stimulation to activate their flight-or-fight response.

Humanistic theories

The humanistic theory of personality claims that we are fundamentally good, and so, as long as we remain unaware of evil, we will always take positive actions. This is not the case, however, and we can become stuck in our naive positive bias. In fact, a humanistic theory is one of the only theories to predict the outcome of suicide attempts. In this way, it is possible to predict the future of any individual.

Behaviorist theories

Some of the most famous behaviorists include B.F. Skinner, who deduced human behavior by studying rats in a maze. This theory was later expanded upon by Skinner’s novel Walden Two, which depicts a society in which individuals make self-interested decisions to gain pleasure. This novel greatly increased Skinner’s renown and made many think that behaviorism was the only way to create such a society.

Projective tests

Projective tests are unusual psychological tools used in the assessment of human personality. Every test elicits an affect in the subject. This affect can be positive or negative, depending on the subject’s emotional state at the time. A projective test forces the unconscious mind to reveal underlying needs, conflicts, and thoughts. These emotions are often unconsciously expressed during the test. However, it is important to remember that projective tests can reveal important information about the subject’s personality.

Myers-Briggs type indicator

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is a self-report inventory that helps determine personality type. Its four scales identify 16 different personality types, including extroverted, indecisive, and neurotic. This assessment is often used to determine career preference and compatibility with other people. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is based on the theory of individual preference, which suggests that seemingly random differences in human behavior are actually the result of an underlying pattern.