The Four Major Branches of Design

What are the basic principles of good design? In this article we’ll examine the differences between the four major branches of design: Art, Science, Engineering, and Social science. Design is the process of controlling elements of a composition in a way that leads the viewer’s eye from one element to the next. It uses balance, alignment, and contrast to tell a story. Movement is an important part of design and can be identified by eyestick designs.


The concept of art is a complex one, and it is often difficult to define. For those who are interested in the concept, art is defined as a creative process that helps to produce a specific result. The goal of the design process is to make something functional and appealing, and this is achieved by creating an aesthetic design. However, art is more than just beautiful, as it must also convey a message. In this article, Miklos Kovacs discusses the importance of the art of design in everyday life.


The Science behind design is a discipline that explores the design process and the principles that guide it. This field focuses on the interactions between the people on the design team, organizational structure, efficient process design, and large-scale optimization of the overall performance of a system. This field is also concerned with the issues of political bias, cultural diversity, and human creativity. Ultimately, design science helps us develop products that better serve our daily lives.


Engineering in design begins with a clearly defined need or challenge and the specification of criteria and constraints. The criteria identify characteristics that should be present in a solution, and the constraints outline limitations to the design. This is the basis for evaluation, which is the process of determining which solution best meets the requirements. During this stage, engineers make use of their creativity and analytical skills to develop solutions that are both efficient and effective. Engineering in design is an exciting career path that can be extremely rewarding for anyone who is passionate about science and technology.

Social science

The practice of social science in design has many benefits. In the field of psychology, social scientists seek causal explanations for phenomena. They are active participants in system design and deployment. This type of research is often useful for social scientists interested in behavior change. Using case studies can help researchers learn how to create more effective design. In addition, case studies can be useful in social sciences that deal with the behavior of people in social settings. In this article, we will discuss the benefits of using case studies for design.

Product design

Product design is a process that helps create products that satisfy a user’s needs. Whether the product is a mobile phone, laptop, or any other physical item, the designer strives to meet the needs of the users and achieve long-term business goals. However, product designers must work in harmony with the Marketing team to ensure that the product meets the needs of users and the business. The marketing team often relies on the marketing department to generate buzz and create an initial idea, but the Product Design team must be able to deliver on that promise.

Interaction design

Interaction design is the art of integrating design and technology to make a system easier to use and understand. Designers use five dimensions to imagine how the user will interact with the system. They must consider the actual physical needs of users and the constraints that they face while using the product or service. For example, a mobile app designed to process data at high speed must consider the time constraints faced by underground commuters. These factors will help the designer create a system that appeals to users while making it easy to use.