The field of personality psychology is vast and ever-changing. New elements are added to our society daily and psychological breakthroughs occur more often than we think. Despite this, all humans are very similar. There are multiple types of personalities and each one can apply to different people. However, biology, social settings, and life experiences all play important roles in determining one’s personality. We also need to take into account the influences of our childhood and environment. Here are a few facts on the impact of these factors on personality.
Theories of personality
There are many different theories of personality and their respective merits. The most common is the biopsychological theory, which is based on the brain’s ability to learn and adapt. Psychiatrists have long recognized the importance of personality and its components. This theory can help explain a range of human behavior. It also helps psychologists understand human nature and predict if a person will develop a specific personality trait.
Big 5 personality traits
The Big Five personality traits are a commonly used tool for assessing personality. The five personality traits are described in Myers-Briggs scales, but the latter is less accurate for people who identify with two of the parts. The Big Five can help identify your personality by comparing your responses to a large sample of people. The Big Five questionnaires are also useful for finding out what types of people you are. For more information on each of the Big Five personality traits, read our article below.
Non-genetic influences on personality
Genetics and environment both play a role in determining personality traits. Several studies have shown that heritability can range from 18% to 39%, and that more than half of the influence is due to environment. A recent study, led by Jamie Derringer, examined SNPs that affect the brain chemical dopamine. This chemical has been implicated in the development of addictions and substance use disorders. However, other studies have found a stronger relationship between genetics and environment.
Impact of situational factors on personality
The Impact of Situational Factors on Personality can be studied using the Rorschach Inkblot Test. This projective test was developed by Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922) and involves respondents responding to a series of symmetrical inkblots and rating their responses on what, where, and why. It is commonly administered and scores individuals on a range of personality traits. People who are obsessed with details may exhibit obsessive-compulsive tendencies. Others might talk about sex too much, indicating a sexual problem.
Significance of personality traits in the workplace
Psychological characteristics are important when evaluating candidates for a job. The type of personality a person exhibits during childhood may determine how successful they are at a particular job. While there are definite exceptions, individual personality traits are often considered an essential part of a good organizational climate. Some personality types are more social and outgoing than others, which may be advantageous for an organization in the short term, but not in the long term.